PATTERNS OF SEMINAL FLUID ANALYSIS IN MALE PARTNERS OF INFERTILE COUPLES ATTENDING GYNAECOLOGY CLINIC AT FEDERAL MEDICAL CENTRE, ABEOKUTA

Chibuike Friday Chukwunyere, David Olalekan Awonuga, Chidiebere N Ogo, Victor Nwadike, Kasiemobi Eberechukwu Chukwunyere

Available online Jul 19, 2018.

[ Original ] Volume 24, Issue 2, 2015, Pages 131-136


Abstract

BACKGROUND
Infertility affects 19% of the general population1,and this constitutes a reproductive health concern for the affected couples.
The contribution of male factors as cause of infertility is increasingly being noted in the recent times and has become a source of concern
to the affected couples with its attendant social and psychological effects and with the potential of threatening relationships.
OBJECTIVES
To assess the seminal fluid analysis parameters in male partners of infertile couples presenting at gynaecological clinic of Federal Medical
Centre, Abeokuta and to determine the patterns of seminal fluid abnormalities in the seminalysis results.
METHODOLOGY
The study is a 3 year retrospective review of seminal fluid analysis results of male partners in infertility cases at the Federal Medical Centre
Abeokuta . Analysis was done using the WHO laboratory manual for the examination and processing of human semen revised fifth
edition.
RESULTS
During this study period,a total of 214 semen samples were analysed for semen quality over a 3 year period.Sixty four (30%) of the men
had normal semen parameters, while one hundred and fifty (70%) had abnormal semen parameters.The abnormal semen parameters
consists of low volume(12.6%), prolonged liquefaction time (9.8%), oligospermia (28%), azoospermia (8%), asthenozoospermia (25%),
teratozoospermia (9%), combined defects of oligo-asthenozoospermia(23.8%), oligo-teratozoospermia(9.8%), asthenoteratozoospermia
(12.60%) and oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (11.20%).
CONCLUSION:
This study has confirmed that male factor infertility remains a significant contributor to infertility in our environment. Efforts should be
made in enlightening men on the common aetiologies of abnormal semen and options of treatment of likely causes.


Keywords

Infertility, Seminalysis, Semen, WHO, Abeokuta.,