RETROSPECTIONS ON ROAD TRAFFIC INJURIES AS A SOCIAL BURDEN: THE ROLE OF PUBLIC HEALTH EDUCATION INITIATIVES IN A DEVELOPING COUNTRY

BACKGROUND Road traffic injuries are a major cause of trauma related morbidity and mortality in our modern society.They have since been recognized as disease entities on their own, as well as a societal problem of serious public health concern. AIM The aim of this review article is to promote the understanding of road traffic injuries as both a social burden and a disease entity and to highlight suggested measures capable of curtailing the menace that these injuries pose to human population. METHOD A review of the literature on the subject of road traffic injuries as both a social problem and disease entity was done. Historical perspectives, epidemiological information, causative factors and preventive measures were extracted and presented. RESULT Human factors contribute to 95% of road traffic accident. Current deaths from road traffic injuries account for 2.2% of the global mortality affecting all age groups. Health education and enforcement of legislation are key measures in combating road traffic injuries. Keywords: Road traffic injuries,disease,social burden,health education,retrospections

Available online Jul 19, 2018.

[ Review ] Volume 24, Issue 2, 2015, Pages 169-174


Abstract

BACKGROUND
Road traffic injuries are a major cause of trauma related morbidity and mortality in our modern society.They have
since been recognized as disease entities on their own, as well as a societal problem of serious public health
concern.
AIM
The aim of this review article is to promote the understanding of road traffic injuries as both a social burden and a
disease entity and to highlight suggested measures capable of curtailing the menace that these injuries pose to
human population.
METHOD
A review of the literature on the subject of road traffic injuries as both a social problem and disease entity was
done. Historical perspectives, epidemiological information, causative factors and preventive measures were
extracted and presented.
RESULT
Human factors contribute to 95% of road traffic accident. Current deaths from road traffic injuries account for
2.2% of the global mortality affecting all age groups. Health education and enforcement of legislation are key
measures in combating road traffic injuries.


Keywords

Road traffic injuries, disease, social burden, health education, retrospections,