THE PATTERN OF SURGICALLY TREATABLE ANORECTAL DISEASES IN UNIVERSITY OF PORT HARCOURT TEACHING HOSPITAL, RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA

P O IGWE, A DODIYI-MANUEL, K C OPARAKU.

Available online Jul 18, 2018.

[ Original ] Volume 23, Issue 1, 2014, Pages 57-60


Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Disorders of the anus and rectum occur commonly in surgical practice. Common anorectal disorders
include haemorrhoids, carcinoma of the rectum, anal fissures, anorectal fistulae and abscesses. Less frequently
encountered disorders include perineal injuries, anal cancers and rectal polyps. The purpose of this study is to
determine the pattern of anorectal diseases which were surgically treated in University of Port Harcourt Teaching
Hospital.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a 4 year retrospective study of all adult patients with anorectal diseases who were
admitted into the surgical wards of University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital. Relevant data were retrieved and
analyzed.
RESULTS: One hundred and fifty cases were seen over the 4 year period. There were 92 (61.33%) males and 58
(38.67%) females making a male to female ratio of 1.6:1. The peak age incidence was 31-40 years. The commonest
anorectal disorder was haemorrhoids. Other commonly encountered conditions in decreasing order were carcinoma
of the rectum, anorectal fistulae, anal fissures and rectal prolapsed. Five patients died and they all had carcinoma of the
rectum.
CONCLUSION: Haemorrhoids remain the commonest anorectal disorder in University of Port Harcourt Teaching
Hospital. Carcinoma of the rectum which was not noted among the studied population in our centre 10 years ago now
assumes the second position and this reflects an increasing incidence of the disease. Therefore, early diagnosis and
treatment are imperative for increase in survival rate.


Keywords

Pattern; Anorectal diseases; University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital.,

January - March 2014

Volume 23 | Issue 1

Page Nos. 57-60

Online since Jul 13, 2018

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