Available online Aug 14, 2019.
[ Original ] Volume 28, Issue 2, 2019, Pages 138-147
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus has serious consequences for patients and the presence of complications increases its morbidity and mortality including reduced quality of life. The health-related quality of life of adults with complicated
diabetes in South-East Nigeria is largely unknown.
AIM: This study determined the health-related quality of life among adults with complicated diabetes mellitus seen at the foremost public tertiary hospital in South East Nigeria.
METHODS: Consecutive subjects with complicated diabetes, attending the dedicated out-patient clinic of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital were recruited over twelve weeks. Informed consent, socio-demographic and clinical data were obtained. Quality of life was determined for each patient using the validated WHOQoL-BREF instrument. Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (version 23).
RESULTS: One hundred and twenty patients (54.2% females) with 42.5% aged 18-45 years were recruited. The overall mean quality of life score was reduced for all patients and especially for the very young (aged 26-35 years).The lowest quality of life score was seen in Domain 1 (physical health). Females had significantly better quality of life scores than males in social relationships domain. Presence of co-morbidities had the worst impact on quality of life across all domains.
CONCLUSION: Patients with complicated diabetes mellitus in Enugu, South East Nigeria demonstrated a reduced quality of life across all domains. This was most prevalent in the very young patients. There is a need for optimal management of
the condition in Nigeria.
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Volume 28 | Issue 2
Page Nos. 138-147
Online since Aug 9, 2019