ANTENATAL BLOOD DONATION: PERCEPTION OF PREGNANT WOMEN IN A RURAL COMMUNITY NORTHWEST NIGERIA.

Ashimi Adewale O., Amole Taiwo G., Halima Umar Ibrahim, Usman Hauwa

Available online Apr 29, 2020.

[ Original ] Volume 29, Issue 1, 2020, Pages 142-146


Abstract

Background: Reduction of maternal mortality from Obstetric haemorrhage requires a multipronged approach; however, availability of safe blood and transfusion is essential to it.

Objectives: To evaluate pregnant women perception towards blood donation by their relatives/spouses for them during antenatal period and attitude towards compulsory blood donation.

Method: A cross-sectional study using an interviewer-administered semi-structured pretested questionnaire was used to assess the perception of pregnant women to blood donation by their relatives/partner during antenatal care. The data was analysed using SPSS.

Result: Four hundred respondents, ages ranged from15 - 45 years with a mean of 30.9 ± 5.80 years and parity ranged from 0 - 12 with a median of 24(Interquartile range of 25,20;50, 24; 75, 29.8 ). Three hundred and eighty-six (96.5%) were married; 258 (64.5%) knew that they may need blood during childbirth of which 228 (88.4%) would rely on their relatives/partners to donate the blood. Three hundred and thirty-two (83.0%) were willing to ask their partners /relatives to donate blood for them during antenatal care, while 68(17.0%) opposed it for various reasons. Occupation, marital status, parity and age were found to be statistically significant(X2= 24.8 P = 0.0001; X2 = 8.18, P =0.0004; X2=15.39 P= 0.000 and X2= 22.14 P= 0.0001 respectively)

Conclusion Majority of the respondents were aware that they may require blood during pregnancy or childbirth for which they believed that their partners/relatives would donate blood for them if requested to do so; although one –fifth would rather wait until the need arises. Knowledge of voluntary blood donation is poor among the respondents. Public enlightenment would help to address these gaps.


Keywords

mortality, childbirth, antenatal, blood,

JANUARY - MARCH 2020

Volume 29 | Issue 1

Page Nos. 142-146

Online since Jan 28, 2020

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