HEPATITIS B VIRUS INFECTION: KNOWLEDGE OF ANTENATAL ATTENDEES IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL

Odelola O.I, Akadri A.A, Shorunmu T. O

Available online Apr 27, 2020.

[ Original ] Volume 29, Issue 1, 2020, Pages 24-28


Abstract

Background: Hepatitis B virus infection constitutes a significant global health problem, and perinatal transmission continues to be one of the major routes of transmission in Nigeria. Having adequate knowledge about the virus and the available prevention strategies may lead to behavioural changes that will reduce the rate of acquisition and transmission of the virus.

Objectives: To assess the knowledge about Hepatitis B virus infection among pregnant women attending antenatal booking clinic

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving 354 pregnant women who presented for antenatal booking at Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria from 1stMay to 31st July 2018. A pretested questionnaire was administered to assess awareness, knowledge and attitude of pregnant women to hepatitis B virus infection. Statistical analysis was done using IBM-SPSS version 21 (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY, USA).

Results: Two hundred and twenty-eight women (64.4%) were aware of Hepatitis B virus infection. One hundred and eightyseven women (52.8%) correctly identified hepatitis as a viral infection, while 173 (48.9%) knew that hepatitis B mainly affects the liver. The major source of information was health workers. More than half of the women could not correctly identify the mode of transmission and methods of prevention of hepatitis B virus infection. There was a significant association between age and educational status of the women, and knowledge of Hepatitis B virus infection (p=0.001, p=0.002 respectively).

Conclusion: This study demonstrates a knowledge deficit on Hepatitis B virus infection among pregnant women. We recommend that there should be a community-based health education strategy targeted at increasing the awareness and knowledge of hepatitis B virus infection.


Keywords

Hepatitis B virus, pregnant women,

JANUARY - MARCH 2020

Volume 29 | Issue 1

Page Nos. 24-28

Online since Jan 28, 2020

Related Articles

library_books
ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE AND MATERIALS AVAILABILITY IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF INTEGRATED DISEASES SURVEILLANCE AND RESPONSES IN PUBLIC FACILITIES IN SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA.

Emmanuel Friday Osagiede, Essy Clementina Isah, Ebenezer Adeiza Ozomata, Ferguson Ayemere Ehimen, Johnbull Jumbo, Veronica Emoghare Dinyain, Ese Tracy Osagiede.

library_books
A FIVE-YEAR REVIEW OF NEPHRECTOMIES AT THE LAGOS STATE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL (LASUTH) IKEJA LAGOS.

Olufunmilade A OMISANJO, Olufemi O OJEWUYI, Omolara M WILLIAMS, Abimbola A ABOLARINWA, Olufemi O AKINOLA, Adekunle A ADEBAYO, Stephen O. IKUEROWO, Fatai A BALOGUN.

library_books
library_books
PAEDIATRIC NASAL FOREIGN BODY IN CALABAR: A REVIEW OF 5 -YEARS EXPERIENCE.

Francis P.M, Adekanye A.G, Mgbe R.B, Offiong M.E, Enyuma C.O.A,

View more