AWARENESS AND ATTITUDE OF DIABETIC PATIENTS ON DIABETIC EYE COMPLICATIONS IN PORT HARCOURT, NIGERIA

Nathaniel G.I, Adio O.

Available online Jul 19, 2018.

[ Original ] Volume 24, Issue 3, 2015, Pages 252-255


Abstract

BACKGROUND:Diabetes mellitus has significant ocular morbidities leading to visual impairment and blindness.
Most patients are not aware that diabetes mellitus affect the eye with potential debilitating consequences.The study
examines the awareness and attitude of diabetic patients attending the endocrinology clinic of the University of
Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, on diabetic eye complications in order to examine factors that
may be contributing to poor visual outcome.
AIM: To assess the awareness and attitude of diabetic patients on diabetic eye complications in Port Harcourt,
Nigeria.
th th METHODS:This hospital-based cross-sectional study carried out between 25 March and 28 June,2011 had 225
adult diabetics attending the Endocrinology clinic of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port
Harcourt daily balloted for. From questionnaires and ocular examinations were recorded in the data sheets and
analysed using the SPSS version 16 (2007). Simple statistics andcomparisons of associated variables were made
using Chi-square.
RESULTS: Of the 225 patients examined, 128 (56.9%) were aware that diabetes could affect the eye while 97
(43.1%) were not aware.Only a quarter (33, 25.8%) of them knew of specific eye complications of diabetes.There
was no gender specific significant difference (p=0.195). Age and educational status significantly affected their
awareness (p<0.005).The duration of diabetes did not have significant impact on the level of awareness of the
patients (p=0.066).
Only 103 (45.8%) of those examined had ever had previous eye examination of which 26 (26.3%) did so prior to
their diagnosis with diabetes mellitus.Less than a quarter (22.3%) was referred by doctors for the eye examination.
Age, sex, educational status and level of awareness did not significantly influence the number of those who had the
eye examination while the duration of diabetes significant affect the number of those who had eye examination
(p<0.005).
CONCLUSION:The study underscores the need to improve patients' education on diabetic eye complications
and encourage primary care physicians to refer diabetic patients for early ocular examination.


Keywords

Diabetes mellitus, eye complications and health education,

July - September 2015

Volume 24 | Issue 3

Page Nos. 252-255

Online since Jul 12, 2018

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