PRESENTATION AND MANAGEMENT OF SPLENIC INJURIES: A REVIEW OF LITERATURE

Adejumo AA, Ajamu OJ, Ozoilo KN, Akanbi OO, Onwukwe JC, Adeosun OA, Omoregie OP

Available online Dec 18, 2019.

[ Review ] Volume 28, Issue 3, 2019, Pages 305-309


Abstract

 

 

 

BACKGROUND: The burden of managing splenic injuries has been on the rise. Most patients with blunt

 

 

 

abdominal trauma do sustain splenic injuries with varying degrees of severity. The success in managing such

 

depends on a sound clinical judgment and early intervention.

 

 

METHOD: An in-depth search and review of relevant literature on splenic injuries was carried out. Also used in

 

 

 

literature search were selected texts as well as online searches using Pubmed and African journal online (Ajol)

 

 

RESULTS: Splenic injuries have been reported from all over the world. Majority of splenic trauma in our

 

 

 

environment are due to vehicular accidents. Tropical spleen enlargement in malaria endemic regions is an

 

identified predisposing factor to sustaining splenic injuries. Splenic conservation methods have evolved over

 

the years ranging from operative to minimally invasive techniques. The management of post-splenectomy

 

complications has also witnessed modifications over the last two decades.

 

 

CONCLUSION: Successful management of splenic injuries anchors on good understanding of both structural

 

 

 

and function derangement that accompany such. Timely intervention and appropriate treatment is invaluable.


Keywords

Spleen, Trauma, Grades of injuries, Classification, Treatment, Prophylaxis.,

JULY - SEPTEMBER 2019

Volume 28 | Issue 3

Page Nos. 305-309

Online since Dec 17, 2019

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