Profile of Neurological admissions at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu

Ekenze OS FWACP, Onwuekwe IO FWACP, Ezeala Adikaibe BA FWACP

Available online Jul 13, 2018.

[ Original ] Volume 19, Issue 4, 2010, Pages 419-422


Abstract

Background: The burden of Neurological diseases may
be on the increase especially in developing countries.
Improved outcome in these settings may require
appreciation of the spectrum of Neurological diseases
and the impediments to their management. We aim to
determine the profile of neurological admissions and the
challenges of managing these diseases at the University
of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu South East Nigeria.
Methods: Analysis of Neurological admissions into the
medical wards of the University of Nigeria Teaching
Hospital Enugu from January 2003 to December 2007.
Results: Neurological admissions comprise about
14.8% of medical admissions. There were 640 (51%)
males and 609 (49%) females. The spectrum of
neurological diseases were stroke 64.9%, central
nervous system infections (21.8% ), HIVrelated
neurological diseases 3.5%, hypertensive
encephalopathy (3.4%), dementia (3%), subarachnoid
haemorrhage (2.2%), Guillian Barre syndrome (1.2%),
Parkinson's disease (1.1%), myasthenia gravis (1.0%),
motor neurone disease and peripheral neuropathy and
accounted for 0.8% and 0.6% respectively. Overall, non
infectious disease accounted for 78.2% of neurological
admissions while infectious diseases accounted for
21.8%.
Conclusion: A wide spectrum of neurological diseases
occurs in our setting. The high incidence of CNS
infections indicates that efforts should be geared towards
preventive measures. A major challenge to be addressed
in the management of neurological diseases in our setting
is the lack of specialized facilities.


Keywords

Profile, neurological admissions, Enugu,

October - December 2010

Volume 19 | Issue 4

Page Nos. 419-422

Online since Jul 13, 2018

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