Gender and Psychiatric Diagnosis: A 5-Year Retrospective Study in a Nigerian Federal Medical Centre

Agbir TM, Oyigeya M, Audu M, Dapap DD, Goar SG

Available online Jul 13, 2018.

[ Original ] Volume 19, Issue 4, 2010, Pages 455-458


Abstract

Background: The role of gender in psychiatry
disorders is becoming increasingly important. This
study is therefore, aimed at identifying gender pattern
of admissions to a public mental health centre with
regards to demographic characteristic, psychiatry
diagnosis and length of stay on admission.
Method: In this retrospective study Hospital records of
388 patients admitted at the psychiatric section of the
Federal Medical Centre (FMC) Makurdi, between
January, 2004 and December, 2008 were studied for
gender differences regarding demographic attributes,
length of stay and psychiatry diagnoses.
Results: Findings revealed that more men than
women were admitted overall. Most men (56%) were
less than 30 years old whereas 60.6% of women were
within 30-59 years aged bracket. For men the main
diagnosis was schizophrenia (30.5%), followed by
substance related disorders (16.5%) then depression
(14.0%); for women the main diagnosis was also
schizophrenia (30.3%), this was followed by
depression (24.5%), only one woman was diagnosed
with substance related disorder. A statistically
significant association was also found between having
a personality disorder and being a male (p=0.009).
Most female were single and belong to the lowest
occupational group. There was no significant difference
in the gender distribution of patients with respect to
length of stay on admission (p=0.161).
Conclusion: The results revealed how psychiatry
diagnosis is significantly influence by gender issues.
We therefore recommend that; for a more effective
psychiatry formulation, it is imperative to pay attention
to gender issues that may affect the development of
psychopathology.
Key words: Admission, Gender, Psychiatry diagnosis,Background: The role of gender in psychiatry
disorders is becoming increasingly important. This
study is therefore, aimed at identifying gender pattern
of admissions to a public mental health centre with
regards to demographic characteristic, psychiatry
diagnosis and length of stay on admission.
Method: In this retrospective study Hospital records of
388 patients admitted at the psychiatric section of the
Federal Medical Centre (FMC) Makurdi, between
January, 2004 and December, 2008 were studied for
gender differences regarding demographic attributes,
length of stay and psychiatry diagnoses.
Results: Findings revealed that more men than
women were admitted overall. Most men (56%) were
less than 30 years old whereas 60.6% of women were
within 30-59 years aged bracket. For men the main
diagnosis was schizophrenia (30.5%), followed by
substance related disorders (16.5%) then depression
(14.0%); for women the main diagnosis was also
schizophrenia (30.3%), this was followed by
depression (24.5%), only one woman was diagnosed
with substance related disorder. A statistically
significant association was also found between having
a personality disorder and being a male (p=0.009).
Most female were single and belong to the lowest
occupational group. There was no significant difference
in the gender distribution of patients with respect to
length of stay on admission (p=0.161).
Conclusion: The results revealed how psychiatry
diagnosis is significantly influence by gender issues.
We therefore recommend that; for a more effective
psychiatry formulation, it is imperative to pay attention
to gender issues that may affect the development of
psychopathology.
Key words: Admission, Gender, Psychiatry diagnosis,Background: The role of gender in psychiatry
disorders is becoming increasingly important. This
study is therefore, aimed at identifying gender pattern
of admissions to a public mental health centre with
regards to demographic characteristic, psychiatry
diagnosis and length of stay on admission.
Method: In this retrospective study Hospital records of
388 patients admitted at the psychiatric section of the
Federal Medical Centre (FMC) Makurdi, between
January, 2004 and December, 2008 were studied for
gender differences regarding demographic attributes,
length of stay and psychiatry diagnoses.
Results: Findings revealed that more men than
women were admitted overall. Most men (56%) were
less than 30 years old whereas 60.6% of women were
within 30-59 years aged bracket. For men the main
diagnosis was schizophrenia (30.5%), followed by
substance related disorders (16.5%) then depression
(14.0%); for women the main diagnosis was also
schizophrenia (30.3%), this was followed by
depression (24.5%), only one woman was diagnosed
with substance related disorder. A statistically
significant association was also found between having
a personality disorder and being a male (p=0.009).
Most female were single and belong to the lowest
occupational group. There was no significant difference
in the gender distribution of patients with respect to
length of stay on admission (p=0.161).
Conclusion: The results revealed how psychiatry
diagnosis is significantly influence by gender issues.
We therefore recommend that; for a more effective
psychiatry formulation, it is imperative to pay attention
to gender issues that may affect the development of
psychopathology.


Keywords

Key words: Admission, Gender, Psychiatry diagnosis, Length of stay,

October - December 2010

Volume 19 | Issue 4

Page Nos. 455-458

Online since Jul 13, 2018

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