PATTERN OF NEUROLOGICAL ADMISSIONS IN THE TROPICS: EXPERIENCE AT ABAKALIKI SOUTH-EASTERN NIGERIA

Chukwuemeka O Eze, Uma A Kalu

Available online Jul 19, 2018.

[ Original ] Volume 23, Issue 4, 2014, Pages 302-305


Abstract

Background: The pattern of neurological admissions varies amongst different regions of the world and this
depends on many factors including the regional burden of neurological disorders. This study determined the
pattern of neurological admissions in a tertiary health centre in Abakaliki South Eastern Nigeria and compared it
with that from other parts of the country.
Methodology:A review of admissions into the medical wards of the Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki southeastern
Nigeria from July 2012 to June 2013 was done using the register of admissions and discharges.
Results: Out of 1247 patients admitted in medical ward over the study period, 267 (21%) had neurological
disorders with mean age of 55.1±20.2years.There were 154(58%) males and 113(42%) females,with a sex ratio of
4:3. Seventy two percent of the patients were between 30 and 69years. Stroke accounted for 62% (166) of the
neurologic admissions. Others were central nervous system (CNS) infections, seizure disorders, hypertensive
encephalopathy,myelopathies,CNS tumors and neurodegenerative disorders in descending order of frequency.
Conclusions: The burden of neurological disorders is high with male preponderance in Abakaliki south-eastern
Nigeria affecting mainly the productive population. Stroke and CNS infections were the most prevalent
neurological disorders identified which are both largely preventable.There should be good health planning that will
address the enormous neurological disease burden with emphasis on preventive health.


Keywords

Pattern, neurological admissions, Abakaliki, Nigeria,

October December 2014

Volume 23 | Issue 4

Page Nos. 302-305

Online since Jul 13, 2018

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