PREVALENCE OF METABOLIC SYNDROME AMONG APPARENTLY HEALTHY ADULTS IN A RURAL COMMUNITY, IN NORTH-WESTERN NIGERIA

Nalado A.M, Musa B.M, Gezawa I.D, Muhammad H, Ibrahim D.A, Uloko A.E

Available online Jul 19, 2018.

[ Original ] Volume 24, Issue 4, 2015, Pages 323-330


Abstract

BACKGROUND
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of multiple metabolic abnormalities that increases the risk of cardiovascular
morbidity and mortality, and a resultant severe economic implication.This study assessed the burden of MetS in a
Nigerian rural community setting.
METHOD
This was a cross-sectional, community based study on apparently healthy subjects.A multi stage cluster sampling
technique was employed to recruit the study subjects.A standardized pre-tested questionnaire was used to obtain
data, and blood samples from subjects were analysed using standard laboratory techniques. MetS was defined using
the NCEP-ATP3 criteria. Data were analysed using STATA version 11, and a p value of <0.05 was considered
statistically significant.
RESULTS
A total of 450 subjects completed the study, with 38% being males, and a mean age of 40.27±16.41 years. MetS was
found in 116 (25.78%) of the subjects.Of these, systemic hypertension was found in 91(78.45%), while all (116) had
elevated cholesterol and triglycerides.Abdominal adiposity was found in 45 (38.79%) subjects and 44 (37.93%) had
Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
CONCLUSION
The prevalence of MetS and its components in our studied population was high; hence the need for further large
population based studies to determine its predictors in our environment.


Keywords

cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, ,

October -December 2015

Volume 24 | Issue 4

Page Nos. 323-330

Online since Jul 12, 2018

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