PREVALENCE AND PATTERN OF OSTEOARTHRITIS OF THE KNEE AT NATIONAL ORTHOPAEDIC HOSPITAL ENUGU.

Ogbu V.O, Enweani U.N, Madu K.A, Iyidobi E.C

Available online Jul 18, 2018.

[ Original ] Volume 25, Issue 4, 2016, Pages 336-340


Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of osteoarthritis of the knee and the risk factors associated with its
development at National Orthopaedic Hospital Enugu.
DESIGN: Cross sectional descriptive study.
SETTING: A regional orthopeadic centre in Nigeria
SUBJECTS: Two thousand three hundred and ten adults aged 30 years and above.
RESULTS: One hundred and fifty one patients were diagnosed as having symptomatic osteoarthritis of the knee
with a male to female ratio of 1:2.6. The prevalence of osteoarthritis increased with advancing age. It peaked at 70-
79 years age group. The prevalence of osteoarthritis of the knee was noted to be higher in the female sex, house
wives and farmers. The overall prevalence of knee osteoarthritis was 6.5%.
Multiple risk factors played roles in the aetiology of osteoarthritis of the knee. The majority of the patients were
obese. Obesity was noted in 49.7% of the patients while 24.5% of the patients reported having previous knee
injuries. A positive family history of osteoarthritis of the knee was noted in 17.2% of the patients while it was noted
to be idiopathic in 4.6% of the patients.
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of osteoarthritis of the knee at National Orthopaedic Hospital Enugu is 6.5%.
Prevalence was higher in the female sex, house wives and farmers. Obesity was the major risk factor while valgus
knee was the commonest presentation.


Keywords

Osteoarthritis of the knee, prevalence, risk factors, Enugu.,