A SURVEY OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF CHRONIC DISEASES OF LIFESTYLE AMONG MEMBERS OF A UNIVERSITY COMMUNITY IN SOUTH AFRICA

Mukadas O. Akindele, Ushotanefe Useh

Available online Sep 10, 2019.

[ Original ] Volume 27, Issue 4, 2018, Pages 306-314


Abstract

BACKGROUND: The increase in the prevalence of chronic disease among people of different colours, religion, age group
and economic status has been documented. Having adequate knowledge of chronic disease is a major impetus towards
behavioural changes that lead to prevention and management of chronic diseases.
METHODS: This was a cross-sectional online survey that examined the knowledge of a University community on the risk
factors and signs and symptoms of chronic diseases of lifestyle. Chronic disease of lifestyle assessment questionnaire was
administered, online, on the Community. A list-based sampling frame survey was conducted via the emails.
RESULTS: A total of 124 (50.2%) respondents were females and 132 (53.7%) of our respondents were within 21–30 years of
age. About 13.1% of our respondents were single while 41.6% completed tertiary education. Also, 26.9% were employed and
vast majority of them were from black (92.2%) racial affiliation. The majority of them knew that smoking (92.2%), obesity
(87.3%), alcohol consumption (84.1%) and stress (88.2%) are the causes of chronic diseases of lifestyle. More than half
(52.66%) of the participants had adequate knowledge of the chronic diseases of lifestyle while 21.63% had poor knowledge
of chronic diseases of lifestyle.
CONCLUSION: The majority of the participants had good knowledge about the risk factors of chronic diseases of lifestyle
but their overall knowledge was poor.


Keywords

stroke, hypertension, diabetes, knowledge, chronic diseases of lifestyle.,

October -December 2018

Volume 27 | Issue 4

Page Nos. 306-314

Online since Sep 14, 2018

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