Available online Sep 10, 2019.
[ Original ] Volume 27, Issue 4, 2018, Pages 306-314
BACKGROUND: The increase in the prevalence of chronic disease among people of different colours, religion, age group
and economic status has been documented. Having adequate knowledge of chronic disease is a major impetus towards
behavioural changes that lead to prevention and management of chronic diseases.
METHODS: This was a cross-sectional online survey that examined the knowledge of a University community on the risk
factors and signs and symptoms of chronic diseases of lifestyle. Chronic disease of lifestyle assessment questionnaire was
administered, online, on the Community. A list-based sampling frame survey was conducted via the emails.
RESULTS: A total of 124 (50.2%) respondents were females and 132 (53.7%) of our respondents were within 21–30 years of
age. About 13.1% of our respondents were single while 41.6% completed tertiary education. Also, 26.9% were employed and
vast majority of them were from black (92.2%) racial affiliation. The majority of them knew that smoking (92.2%), obesity
(87.3%), alcohol consumption (84.1%) and stress (88.2%) are the causes of chronic diseases of lifestyle. More than half
(52.66%) of the participants had adequate knowledge of the chronic diseases of lifestyle while 21.63% had poor knowledge
of chronic diseases of lifestyle.
CONCLUSION: The majority of the participants had good knowledge about the risk factors of chronic diseases of lifestyle
but their overall knowledge was poor.
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Volume 27 | Issue 4
Page Nos. 306-314
Online since Sep 14, 2018