TOOTHPASTE UTILIZATION PROFILES OF 6 TO 8-YEAR-OLD NIGERIAN CHILDREN

Agboola S.O, Aliyu Z, Ibiyemi O

Available online Jan 28, 2020.

[ Original ] Volume 28, Issue 4, 2019, Pages 451-464


Abstract

Background: In children, toothbrushing with fluoride toothpaste is the method of choice for preventing dental caries and it is influenced mainly by their mothers. Objective: To provide descriptive information about toothpaste utilization profiles of 6 to 8-year-old Nigerian children.

Materials and methods: A cross-section of 130 mothers of 6-8 year-old Nigerians provided information on sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge of toothpaste use, tooth brushing habits and criteria for selecting toothpaste for their child. Their 6-8 year-old children who attended the Dental Centre of the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital North-Eastern Nigeria were examined for presence of dental caries and fluorosis. Data analysis included both descriptive and inferential statistics at p<0.05. 6-8-year-old school children who attended Results: Forty-one (31.5%) mothers had good knowledge score of toothpaste use. Fifty-six (43.1%) and 23 (177.7%) of children had fluorosis and dental caries respectively. There was no statistical significant relationship between sociodemographic characteristics and occurrence of dental caries (p>0.05). Females (54.2%) and children of mothers who had no formal education (65.6%) had more fluorosis than their counterparts (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Many mothers had poor knowledge score of toothpaste use. Children who had fluorosis were more than those who had dental caries. Females and children of mothers who had no formal education had more dental fluorosis than their counterparts. 


Keywords

Toothpaste, Utilization, Nigerian, Children, Dental caries, Dental fluorosis Running title: Toothpaste utilization Nigerian children,

OCTOBER - DECEMBER 2019

Volume 28 | Issue 4

Page Nos. 451-464

Online since Dec 17, 2019

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